Rail passenger traffic between Russia and other countries, including the CIS and Baltic states, had been experiencing a continuous decline from 2010 to 2013; by the end of that period, it had shrunk by 4.9%.
In 2014, international railway passenger traffic declined even further — by 44% on the back of weakening consumer demand due to macroeconomic and political factors, especially the soured relations between Russia and Ukraine. In 2015, passenger traffic fell 33%.
In 2015, Belarus with 32% had a considerable share in the railway market, followed by Ukraine (31%), Kazakhstan (14%), Finland (6%), Uzbekistan (5%), and Moldova (4%). Other countries account for under 8%.
The railway and airline markets broadly demonstrate similar trends due to the overall economic situation. In 2015, air passenger traffic fell 16.4%, while the number of passengers travelling between Russia and other countries beyond the CIS declined 18.1%, and the number of passengers travelling between Russia and the CIS countries decreased 1.1%.