The following steps were taken in 2015 to improve the route network:
As part of the efforts to optimise the route network, 68 passenger train pairs were removed from the 2015/2016 train schedule.
The route network improvement drive enabled a more efficient use of the Company’s railcar fleet. Its productivity performance in 2015 was 0.721 million passenger-kilometres per carriage, up 3.4% year-on-year.
As part of its network optimisation programme, FPC has to cancel trains that are loss-making despite subsidies provided at the moment, since the subsidies are allocated to no specific route. As a result, the Company’s route network shrinks stepwise, although many of such routes are socially significant and in demand by local people.
A reasonable solution would be to split the responsibility for socially significant passenger services between the public authorities and the carrier by placing government orders for long-distance services on each of such routes.
In 2015, the average net speed was 57.04 km/h for FPC’s express trains (57.2 km/h in 2014) and 46.65 km/h for passenger trains (46.35 km/h in 2014).
The journey time of 68 trains has reduced by at least 30 minutes, totalling 137 hours. For 404 trains, time in transit was decreased by up to 30 minutes, totalling 233 hours.
High-speed trains on the Moscow — Nizhny Novgorod route travel at 114.72 km/h (111.43 km/h in 2014). The average net speed on the route from Moscow to Orel and Kursk (Lastochka train) is 92.31 km/h (92.31 km/h in 2014) and reaches 100.56 km/h (Lastochka train) on the route from Moscow to Smolensk (92.43 km/h in 2014).
An important step towards faster railway network is a public discussion initiated in 2015 to reduce infrastructure tariffs for high-speed trains. Specifically, it implies, among other things, raising a speed limit from 91 to 140 km/h (travelling at speeds above the limit increases high-speed train tariffs).
If tariffs are reduced, the number of trains which are profit-making and in demand among passengers will grow manifold.
In the reporting year, the Company continued to develop multimodal transport services, including rail and bus services.
As at 31 December 2015, the Company introduced eight multimodal routes combining train and bus services to increase passenger traffic and improve passenger experience:
Since the project launch (in December 2014), multimodal transport services have been provided to over 51,000 passengers.
Multimodal transport services are planned to be introduced on the following routes: